later vedic period

The Aitaraya Brahmana clearly indicates the absolute dependence of vaisyas on the two higher classes. Political structure: Kingdoms like Mahajanapadas were formed by amalgamating smaller kingdoms. This is one of the first origins of the word before it started to … So, with the change in the economy, political structure, and society, Religion also changed. The purohitas (priests) prepared an elaborate system of ritualistic conduct; but the philosophers analysed the concept of good action. The Satapatha Brahmana described the king to be infallible and immune from all punishment. They were yet in a stage of food- gathering man and lived on fruits and animal meat of forests. to 1000 B.C.) The Brahmins assumed highest privileges. The Vedic Age was a significant era in Ancient Indian History. Carpentry was yet a lucrative profession. This age witnessed the composition of three later Veda Samhitas namely, the Samveda Samhita, the Yajurveda Samhita, the Atharvaveda Samhita as well as Brahmanas and the Upanishads of all the four Vedas and later on the two great epics—the Ramayana and the Mahabharata. With the growing complexities of the society, various new occupations like that of door-keeper, butcher, ferry-man, bow-maker etc. The women lost their high position which they had in the Rig Vedic Age. The later Vedic ages also believed in the age-old concept of ‘Karma’ or action. The Vedic period (or Vedic age) (ca.1750–500 BCE) was the period in Indian history during which the Vedas, the oldest scriptures of Hinduism, were composed. There are stray examples to prove that change of caste was not absolutely impossible. After the Upanayana or sacred thread ceremony and initiation to studies the students were sent to the Gurukula for their education. But in the Indian social system it implied stoppage or stage in the journey of life with a … The custom of child marriage and dowry crept in. The Kshatriya kings claimed divine sanction behind them. In the divine persona of Rudra the traits of these deities seem to have been syncretized into one supreme god. During this period the rites and ceremonies of Vedic religion were elaborated and became complex. The house had many rooms with a special place for ‘Grahapatha’ fire which was kept continuously burning. Iron underwent a long gestation. According to them, each Varna had a different set of functions to perform. But in the later Vedic age sacrifice became an important thing in worship. Houses were made of wood. In the later Vedic period, the monarch as figurehead and power broker became more evident in the political setting of the time period. also came into being. Birth of a female child was unwelcome. In Vedic society participation of wives was required in many rituals. The practice of eating meat declined. What was the position of women during later Vedic period? A vaishya is called tribute-paying, meant to be beaten and oppressed at will. Education became more general among the higher classes. As we have seen that Religion was the Constitution in the pre-modern era or Rigvedic Period. The Vedic age or the Vedic period was the time duration between 1500 to 500 BC and is called so because it was during this period that the Vedas were being written. Economy: » The main cultivated crops were rice, barley, beans, sesame and wheat. He was a thing, a chattel of the upper classes. Villages were just self-sufficient in food. This only prevented the total slavery of the Sudras and their sale and purchase. The growth of the royal power was largely reflected in the enlarged outrage of the king. The Brahmanas and Kshatriyas emerged as the two leading castes out of the general mass of population, known as vaisyas. This led to the weakening of tribal system of government and rise of the territorial monarchies. Usury and money-lending also developed in the Later Vedic Society Period. The people became familiar with the navigation of the seas. The marriage rules became discriminating towards the bride. Besides Agriculture, people started to opt for several new occupations to make their living. Cattle still continued to be the chief source of wealth. As such, the questions from this topic have always been featured in the history segment of the UPSC Prelims.. The priests divided people of the ancient India (of Later Vedic Age) into four groups, called Varnas. The land of the Yamuna and Ganga in the east which became the new home of the Aryans rose into prominence. Polyandry also appeared in a restricted way. It is believed that their southern movement began during the period of Brahmana literature, about 1000 B.C. The Aryans of Vedic age had reached the highest stage of civilization. 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