Air pressure 4. Coffee lovers now consume more than 2.25 billion cups a day, but climate change may increase the cost and harm the taste of this popular beverage--not to mention threaten the livelihoods of … Examples of countries that have this climate are Kenya, Colombia, and Ethiopia (Illy, 21). larger effect on the economy as compared to a corresponding increase in temperature. While climate change may disproportionately affect women, it has also led them to seize the levers of power in a moment of profound precarity, to rewrite the rules of society when the current systems of power and economy no longer seem feasible. Climate can thus be viewed as a synthesis or aggregate of weather. Dyna-mic processes cover a large range of scales from the microscopic-scale 7. It is much more tolerant to warm conditions than Arabica coffee. Economic sectors that largely depend on Land and water 4. Ethiopia is in the tropical zone laying between the Equator and the Tropic of Cancer. Cloudiness 8. Weather changes daily or hourly in some locations. Article Type: Review This review highlights climate change and its drivers, impacts, and mitigation and adaptation options in Ethiopia. Farms are more likely to face attacks from weeds, diseases and pests, which affect yield. (WHO, 1948) Mitigation of climate change: A human intervention to reduce the sources or enhance the sinks of greenhouse gases. This implies that the Worldwide, farmers are struggling to keep up with shifting weather patterns and increasingly unpredictable water supplies. (a) Latitude (b) Altitude (c) Pressure and wind system (d) Continentality. Crop production is highly sensitive to climate. The overall climate of the province is marked by considerable seasonality and volatility, often with short-term changes to the weather patterns that can be difficult to predict. The Ethiopian Government has already put in place a number of policies, strategies and programs aimed at enhancing the adaptive capacity and reducing climate variability and change. 9 Overall, climatologists tend to agree that the Sahel’s climate is one of extremes: this implies that exceptional weather and climatic events are paradoxically the norm, especially if longer time-spans are examined. 1. It is affected by long-term trends in average rainfall and temperature, interannual climate variability, shocks during specific phenological ii stages, and extreme weather events (IPCC, 2012). Humidity 5. Weather and Climate The Structure of the Atmosphere Surrounding the Earth is a gaseous envelope or atmosphere, held in place by the planet’s gravitational attraction. Chapter 2. Black dots indicate locations of available weather stations relevant to the FFP areas. Alongside UNDP’s extensive country coverage and programming on poverty reduction and climate change, UN Environment brings its strong global network of insurance companies and other private partners, UNISDR brings its expertise analyzing loss and damage from climate impacts, and WFP leverages its capacity as the world’s largest humanitarian agency with a key focus on social protection … Brightness of the Sun 9. Latitudes 2. Altitude 3. As variation of solar radiation is the single most important factor affecting climate, it is considered here first. Some of the attempts, such as by You and Ringler (2010), to quantify the effect of climate change in Ethiopia used global models which may misrepresent various dimensions of the Ethiopian economy. Description of the climate system and its components . Solar radiation 3. (a) Due to moderating effect of the seas (b) Due to land mass (c) Due to heat conditions (d) Due to none of the above three. Climate is traditionally defined as the description in terms of the mean and variability of relevant atmospheric variables such as temperature, precipitation and wind. Climate Change Adaptation in ETHIOPIA October 2011 Severe weather events such as droughts and floods have historically imposed heavy costs in Ethiopia. An apparent force caused by the earth’s rotation is called (a) coriolis force ELEMENTS 1. With an average of 300 days of sunshine annually Namibia is one of the sunniest countries in worldwide. Robusta coffee is grown at much lower altitudes (sea level-3000 feet) in an area 10° North and South of the equator (Illy, 22). Marked temperature increases in Mali, 8 for instance, contrast with Niger’s temperatures, which are also rising, but below the mean global warming level. Earth orbital changes - The earth makes one full orbit around the sun each year. Ethiopia: Climate & Weather. The effects of gradual climate changes and extreme weather events in the recent past have undermined progress in the alleviation of poverty and food insecurity, while also having a negative effect on overall development efforts. This assessment focuses on “attributable risk”: On the basis of the generalised monthly atmospheric conditions, the year is divided into seasons like winter, summer or rainy seasons. The influence of weather and climate on the different components of crop production can vary, and often happen at the same time. This makes it difficult to understand the climatic impacts on respective components of crop production. Climate doesn’t change as rapidly as weather does because it’s a compilation of several years of recorded weather conditions like rain, air pressure, humidity, wind, snow, sun and temperatures. It has three different climate zones according to elevation. Evidences show that … Introduction. Chapter 1. extreme weather events to past GHG emissions, even in principle. Climate - Climate - Solar radiation and temperature: Air temperatures have their origin in the absorption of radiant energy from the Sun. Climate change poses a wide range of risks to population health. There is some common pattern over a few weeks or months. Climate change, Ethiopia, Mitigation, Vulnerability. See Table 1 for details of each area. Climate. Subpopulations at the warmer edges of species ranges are being extirpated, causing a loss in genetic diversity (Thomas, 2005). Further, different types of climatic extremes can affect crop production differently. iii. Climate and Weather of Namibia Namibia – one of the sunniest countries in the world. Drought is the single most destructive climate-related natural hazard in Like location, climate has been a decisive factor in shaping the Newfoundland and Labrador experience. Of those that do exist, we bought all available data from the Ethiopian Climate Institute, which your find summarized below. The projected impacts of climate change may affect the consequences of these events, and could potentially hinder advancements in key development areas such as food security, water They are: Days are cool or hot; Windy or calm; Cloudy or bright and; Wet or dry. Climate information for Ethiopia including average temperature, rain and snowfall totals Storms 10. DEFINITION- NASA defines climate change as: “a broad range of global phenomena created predominantly by burning fossil fuels, which add heat-trapping gases to earth’s atmosphere”. 1.1 Introduction . Both climate variability and change have been occurring in Ethiopia. 6. ii. However, heat waves can affect the Red Sea and the surrounding area to the east and also in the west in the area bordering Sudan. climate change will also exert evolutionary pressure on species. CLIMATE VARIABILITY AND CHANGE IN ETHIOPIA: SUMMARY OF FINDINGS | 5 Figure 1: Map showing management districts in Ethiopia with the FFP areas highlighted. They are subject to many influences, including those of the atmosphere, ocean, and land, and are modified by them. These gases trap heat through a process called the greenhouse effect . Precipitation 6. ELEMENTS AND CONTROLS OF WEATHER AND CLIMATE When studying weather or climate, the elements and controls of each are interchangeable. The three main categories of health risks include: (i) direct-acting effects (e.g. 300 days of sunshine, blue sky and warm weather makes Namibia a unique travel destination. – crop cultivation, pastoralism, and mitigation and adaptation options in are. It has three different climate zones according to elevation to elevation which control of weather and climate predominantly affect ethiopian climate is vitally connected to our 's! 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