types of ground floor construction

Hardcore may be used in the formation of roads, paving, driveways, foundations, ground floor slabs, and so on. Gravel. Stage 4: Construction of the first floor. Composite floor systems. 2 External walls . Work starts on the first floor. Ground Floor Construction. Evolution of Building Elements Contents. Actual floor systems in buildings come in all sizes, shapes, and forms. Raft foundation transmits the total load from the building to the entire ground floor area. There are two types of concrete floor system commonly used in residential construction; ground bearing and suspended. 1 Foundations Late 19th century. Construction Basics You'll need about 300 standard three-wire bales of straw to make a 2,000 sq ft house (186 sq m). There are, broadly, two common types of Flooring:. Ground bearing floor slabs. When you remove the floor covering, you will see more flooring underneath—possibly underlayment, definitely subfloor. These are solid floor construction, suspended concrete floor construction and suspended timber floor construction. Solid floors are a lot more substantial and require the ground to be made up in layers of ground sub base, sand, compacted hard core, damp proof membrane, insulation and concrete. The word mezzanine floor means a small floor that is in between two major floors (The floor which is constructed between Ground and the First floor is called as Mezzanine floor). Selection of floor system. Functional Requirements Of Ground Floors Construction Essay. 1 Foundations. If your house is built on a concrete slab, the slab can serve as a base for almost any type of flooring. Careful consideration of the soil-type specific to your building site will help to ensure the stability of your foundation and integrity of your house for years to come. This type of slab is used on the Basement floor. A: The functional requirements of ground floors. The word raft is used in the sense that the slab of the concrete floats on the surface as a raft/mat on the surface of water. There are so many variables to any floor system such as different spans, offset spans, cantilevers, and the extent of continuity, the effects of beams, columns and walls on the slab system, etc that it is difficult to cover all situations in a limited series of charts. It may also be used on its own to form a temporary road surface on construction sites. For the more popular types of floors, we have additional articles that shed even more light on your options. suspended Floors, and ; solid Floors; A suspended Floor is a specialist construction made of a solid concrete Floor, a system of sleeper walls and timber joists, upon which sits a supported timber floor.This type of floor allows home owners to run electrical wires and other such elements under the floor boards. for ground and upper floor. 4 Upper Floors. 1. More expensive 2. While ground bearing slabs are essentially similar, their method of construction varies according to the likely end use and the accuracy of building required. Quick to construct 2. Total weight of the structure and self-weight of the mat is calculated and is divided by the total area of the foundation it is covering to calculate the stress on the soil. It is also possible to suspend services from the soffit of a composite slab, using anchors that are designed to slot into the decking profile. U values (overall coefficient of heat transmission) indicate the heat flow through materials - the higher the figure, the higher the heat loss. The slab which is cast on the surface of the earth is called a Ground slab. Floors vary from simple dirt in a cave to many-layered surfaces made with modern technology. The advantage of a solid ground floor is the elimination of dry rot and other problems normally associated with hollow joisted floors. Different flooring types are there based on different factors. Block and beam floors are a very popular type of suspended floor. Hardwood goes down pretty quickly and can be installed by most builders, although glue-down installation is more tricky than nail-down. When building a home from the ground up, considering the main structure and systems would come up as one of the first decisions to make. If they cannot be built below the frost line, they should be protected by insulation: normally a little heat from the building will permeate into the soil and prevent freezing. It rests on beams spanning between supporting walls. There are two types of Grade slabs: Usually after casting Plinth beams. Wooden floor’s finish is susceptible to scratching from heavy traffic, high heeled foot wears or pet nails; It can be divide into two portion. Basement . … Sustainable floor construction starts with good subgrade control. The identification of the component parts regarding their functions to ensure an effective ground floor construction will be discussed. It can only be accessed from inside the main building and does not have windows. Many finishes can be used in combination to achieve a wider range of results, to suit any style or taste. A raft foundation is a continuous slab of concrete usually covering an area equal to or greater than the base of the building which support the walls or lightly loaded columns and serve as a base for the ground floor. The panels are also screwed to the joists or nailed with ring-shank or fluted subflooring nails. A variety of graded materials can be used to make up a hardcore layer: Construction waste such as brick and broken tiles. As we are experts on the use of concrete as a building material, we will focus on the two former of these types. 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